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Ocular Inflammatory Disease: the Basics

Last updated 2 years ago

With multiple underlying causes, ocular inflammatory disease refers to inflammation affecting the eye, eye tissue or any parts around or within it. Specific illnesses or conditions that fall beneath this umbrella term can be a result of infection, injury or an autoimmune condition.

Types of Ocular Inflammatory Disease:

  • Conjunctivitis: The most common of ocular inflammatory diseases is conjunctivitis, better known to parents of young children as “pink eye.” Conjunctivitis can be caused by a variety of factors, including bacterial infection to foreign objects like an eyelash becoming lodged in the eye. Although it can be contagious, conjunctivitis is not a serious condition and can be easily treated by your ophthalmologist. 
  • Uveitis: Other forms of ocular inflammatory disease, like uveitis, are more serious. According to The Ocular Immunology and Uveitis Foundation, uveitis is the “third leading cause of blindness in the developed world.” Uveitis occurs when the iris or other parts of the uveal tract become inflamed, and symptoms include eye redness and pain, sensitivity to light and blurred or decreased vision.
  • Keratitis: The result of a swollen or inflamed cornea, keratitis can cause symptoms like eye pain and impaired vision. The disease can be caused by infection from a scratch or by bacteria, viruses and parasites. If identified early on, keratitis can usually be treated without any resulting vision loss.

For more information about Ocular Inflammatory Diseases, please visit the Gerstein Eye Institute. One of the leading eye centers in Chicago and Illinois, the Gerstein Eye Institute has decades of experience treating patients with the most advanced technology and greatest care. To schedule a consultation please call us at (773) 973-3223.


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